Arthritic pain

There are two forms of arthritis – osteoarthritis, that which is due to wear and tear, and rheumatoid arthritis, that which has a significant element of systemic (whole body) involvement. The latter is more complex.

Osteoarthrits

Joints wear out and it is a natural process of aging. How we have used them determines the extent of the damage to the articular surface cartilage. It has a poor blood supply and gains most of it’s nutrition for repair through a process called diffusion from the synovial fluid bathing the joint.

 

Maintaining good flexibility and muscular strength shares the load pressure on these articular surfaces, improves the movement of the synovial fluid which supplies the building blocks for continual repair.

 

Physical therapy helps improve your joint mobility by stretching the ligaments and joint capsule, relaxing the muscles and improving the blood supply to and from the region, helping remove waste products and congestion of the tissues.

Gentle exercise and good nutrition also play an important role in prevention and help in maintenance of osteoarthritic joints.

 

Rheumatoid arthritis

In rheumatoid arthritis more than one joint is affected at a time, being hot and swollen, you may be feeling unwell also and predominately this starts when someone is in their early 40’s,there well may be a family history of the condition.

The cause of this form of arthritis is unknown and it is suggested that there is an autoimmune involvement, where the body is responsible for attacking its own cells.

 

Diagnosis is often confirmed with a blood test for the Rheumatoid Factor, so you would be referred to your GP for further investigation.

 

Treatment with steroids may control the swelling and pain, other dietary changes can also influence symptoms {Reference}.